the production of iron

how iron is made - material manufacture making history used

the first known european breakthrough in the production of cast iron which led quickly to the first practical steel did not come until in that year benjamin huntsman took out a patent for the melting of material for the production of steel springs to be used in clockmaking over the next 20 years or so the procedure

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iron - the essential chemical industry

iron is produced by reduction of iron ore which is often a mixture of oxides using carbon carbon monoxide and hydrogen while the blast furnace is the dominant reduction process other technologies are emerging which operate on a smaller scale these are linked to locations where there is a plentiful supply of natural

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iron processing britannica com

iron processing use of a smelting process to turn the ore into a form from which products can be fashioned included in this article also is a discussion of the mining of iron and of its preparation for smelting iron production of steeliron ore is one of the most abundant elements on earth and one of its primary uses is in the

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bbc - gcse bitesize making iron

iron ore haematite iron oxide a compound that contains iron coke carbon burns in air to produce heat and reacts to form carbon monoxide needed to reduce the iron oxide limestone calcium carbonate helps to remove acidic impurities from the iron by reacting with them to form molten slag air oxygen allows the

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production of steel - the balance

nov 13 steel is the world's most popular construction material because of its unique combination of durability workability and cost it's an iron alloy that contains between 0 2 and 2 percent carbon by weight according to the world steel association in global crude steel production reached a high of 1 5

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iron production - chemistry libretexts

dec 7 the production of iron from its ore involves an oxidation-reduction reaction carried out in a blast furnace iron ore is usually a mixture of iron and vast quantities of impurities such as sand and clay referred to as gangue the iron found in iron ores are found in the form of iron oxides as a result of these

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steelmaking - wikipedia

steelmaking is the process for producing steel from iron ore and scrap in steelmaking impurities such as nitrogen silicon phosphorus sulfur and excess carbon are removed from the raw iron and alloying elements such as manganese nickel chromium and vanadium are added to produce different grades of steel

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from ore to steel arcelormittal

from raw material to finished product our business operations extend from iron ore and coal mining to providing a full range of steel products and service offerings as the world's leading steel and mining company our business operations extend from the mining of iron ore and coal to the production of the full range of

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emerging technologies for iron and steelmaking - tms

capability of producing steel or low carbon iron directlythe highly reducing environment of the blast furnace produces hot metal or carbon saturated iron 5 wt c however most steel products have a carbon content of less than 1 wt c during oxygen

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iron and steel - chemguide

extracting iron from iron ore using a blast furnace introduction the common ores of iron are both iron oxides and these can be reduced to iron by heating them with carbon in the form of coke coke is produced by heating coal in the absence of air coke is cheap and provides both the reducing agent for the reaction and

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